Radical-Islamic terrorisM Incident Chronology

Radical-Islamic terrorisM Incident Chronology

 
 

The Nineteen Seventies (1970 to 1979)


1970

  1. SwitzerlandIsrael, February 21: A bomb explodes in the rear of Swissair Flight 330, causing it to crash near Zürich, killing 38 passengers and all nine crew members. The attack was carried out by Palestinian terrorist group PFLP

  2. Israel, May 8: Avivim school bus attacks by Palestinian PLO members,
    killing nine children and three adults and crippling 19 children
  3. Jordan, September 6: Coordinated hijacking of four airliners. One hijacking is foiled in midair and two planes are diverted to Jordan’s Dawson Field. Nicaraguan Sandinista hijacker Patrick Argüello was killed and all passengers were freed after negotiated release of captured hijacker Leila Khaled and three PFLP prisoners. The following day a fifth aircraft was also hijacked. See Dawson's Field hijackings, Black September in Jordan.


1972

  1. Belgium, Israel, May 8: Four PLO terrorists hijacked the aeroplane of Sabena Flight 572 carrying 99 passengers and ten crew members on route from Brussels to Tel Aviv. In a mission titled "Operation Isotope",
    16 members of Sayeret Matkal posed as refueling and technical personnel and stormed the plane, killing the terrorists and releasing the passengers.
  2. Israel, West Germany, September 5: Black September kidnaps and kills eleven Israeli Olympic athletes and one German policeman in the Munich Massacre.

  3. United Kingdom, Israel, September 19: The group Black September post a letter bomb to the Israeli embassy in London killing an Israeli diplomat.


1973

  1. Austria, September 28: Chopin-Express: Two Arab terrorists hijack the Chopin-
    Express from Moscow to Vienna at the East-West border in Marchegg. The train is often used by Jewish exilants from the USSR. The terrorists demand the closure of an Austrian transit camp for Jews on their way to Israel. Chancellor Bruno Kreisky (Jewish himself) complies and allows the terrorists to escape to Libya.
  2. Italy, December 17: Pan Am Flight 110: 30 passengers were killed when Palestinian guerillas threw phosphorus bombs aboard the aircraft as it prepares for departure.


1974

  1. Israel, April 11: Kiryat Shmona massacre at an apartment building by the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine members, killing 18 people, nine of whom were children.

  2. Israel, May 15: Ma'alot massacre at the Ma'alot High School in Northern Israel by Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine members: 26 of the hostages were killed, 66 wounded.

  3. United States, September 8: TWA Flight 841: Bomb kills 88 on jetliner. Attributed to Abu Nidal and his terrorist organization.


1976

  1. Lebanon, June 16: In Beirut, US Ambassador Francis E. Meloy, Jr., and Economic
    Councelor Robert O. Waring were kidnapped by the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine and killed a short time later.
  2. Uganda, Israel, June 26–July 4: Hijacking of Air France Flight 139 (Tel Aviv-Paris) by Palestinian PFLP and German Revolutionary Cells (Revolutionäre Zellen); see Operation Entebbe: four hostages, one Sayeret Matkal soldier and 45 Ugandan soldiers killed.


1978

  1. Israel: Members of the Arab Revolutionary Council poison Israeli oranges with mercury, injuring at least twelve people and reducing exports by 40 percent.

  2. Israel, March 11: Coastal Road massacre: Fatah gunmen killed several tourists and hijack a bus near Haifa; 37 Israelis on the bus are killed.


1979

  1. Israel, April 22: The Nahariya attack (codenamed by its perpetrators as the Nasser Operation) was a raid by four Palestine Liberation Front (PLF) militants in Nahariya, Israel.

  2. Norway, United States, Israel, July: Norwegian police prevents terrorist attacks against the U.S. and Israeli embassies in Oslo.

  3. Saudi Arabia, 2 November: Sunni militant group of 1,300 to 1,500 men seized the Grand Mosque in Mecca.

  4. United States, November 4: Iran Hostage Crisis takes place. Iranian Muslim students take over the American Embassy, taking 52 US diplomats hostage for 444 days. (Ended January 20, 1981)

 
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